Blood disorder hemophilia

 Blood disorder hemophilia

Blood disorder hemophilia is a condition of inadequate blood clot. It is an inherited blood disorder in which it takes a longer time for the blood to clot due to defect in coagulation mechanism /pathway or blood platelets.

Blood disorder hemophilia

Blood disorder hemophilia

Blood disorder hemophilia hints

Type of hemophilia include the Type A, B and C;

  1. A and B are X-linked genetic disorders.

  2. C is not a X-linked genetic disorder.

Symptoms of hemophilia

  • Many deep and large bruises

  • Excessive bleeding and bruising

  • Joint pain and swelling due to internal bleeding

  • Blood in stool and urine

  • Prolong bleeding from cuts and injuries

  • Nosebleeds without a known cause

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Double vision

  • Painful lasting headache

Cause of hemophilia
  • Hemophilia A: most common type of hemophilia is due to deficiency in the clotting factor VIII.

  • Hemophilia B is due to deficiency in clotting factor IX.

  • Hemophilia C: deficiency in clotting factor XI.

Test for confirming hemophilia
  • Prenatal test

  • Blood test

complications associated with hemophilia
  • Internal bleeding.

  • Damages to joints.

  • Infection.

Treatments for hemophilia

Hemophilia has no cure but can be managed by;

  • Hormone desmopressin (DDAUP)

  • Blood transfusion will provide clotting factors lacking by the patients

  • Artificial clotting factors

  • Anti-fibrinolytics; prevents clots from breaking down

  • Exercise

  • Good dental hygiene

  • Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation (RICE); a technique recommended for joint bleeds

  • Avoidance of circumstances that can cause injuries or bleeding

  • Avoidance of drugs that aggravate bleeding such as;

  1. Aspirin

  2. Ibuprofen

  3. Heparin

  4. Warfarin (coumadin)

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