Simplified Epilepsy Science

Simplified Epilepsy Science

Simplified Epilepsy Science, Epilepsy in Simple Terms; What is epilepsy?

Simplified Epilepsy Science

Simplified Epilepsy Science

Epilepsy is a medical condition that produces seizures. It affects a variety of mental and physical functions. Epilepsy is also regarded as seizure disorder, a brain disorder, and abnormal brain nerves signaling. Epilepsy affects 50 out of 100, 000 people each year in the industrialized nations, while more than 2 million are epileptic in the USA.

Epilepsy in Simple Terms; Types of siezure
  • Idiopathic: no apparent cause

  • Cryptogenic: no cause can be pinpointed, and

  • Symptomatic: The cause is known

Epilepsy in Simple Terms; Symptoms of epilepsy: Repeated seizure, Convulsion with no temperature (no fever), Confused memory,  Extreme tiredness, Stiffness, Falling with no reason, Body Jerk, Fearfulness, Inappropriate repetitive movement, Inability to communicate for a short period of time

Epilepsy in Simple Terms; Cause of epilepsy

  1. Illness

  2. Brain damage

  3. Abnormal brain development

  4. Neurotransmitter imbalance; GBA (inhibitory neurotransmitter) and glutamate(excitatory neurotransmitter)

  5. Head injury

  6. Stroke

  7. Genetic factor

  8. Brain tumor

  9. Alcoholism

  10. Alzheimer’s disease

  11. Heart attack

  12. Cerebrovascular disease

  13. Meningitis

  14. AIDS

  15. viral encephalitis

  16. Hydrocephalus

  17. Celiac disease

  18. Infection

  19. Neurocysticercosis

Epilepsy in Simple Terms; Risk factors of epilepsy

  1. Cerebral palsy

  2. Neurofibromatosis

  3. Pyruvate dependency

  4. Tuberous sclerosis

  5. Landau-Kleffner syndrome

  6. Autism

  7. Poor nutrition

  8. Poisoning; lead carbon monoxide

  9. Drug misuse and over dose; antidepressants

  10. Stress

  11. Insomnia

  12. Hormonal change

  13. Smoking: nicotine in the cigarettes is excitatory to acetylcholine receptors in the brain and could induce excitatory effect which could trigger seizure.

Complications associated with epilepsy

  • Bleeding tongue from bite during seizure.

  • Fractures and head injuries.

  • Depression.

  • Confusion.

  • Patients could stray away

Epilepsy in Simple Terms; Treatments for epilepsy

  1. Surgery

  2. Anti-epileptic drugs/seizure preventing drugs e.g Clobazam

  3. Diet monitoring (special diet)

  4. Vagus nerve stimulation

  5. Pro-GABA and anti-Glutamate

Note: epilepsy is non contagious and it is not caused by mental illness or mental retardation.

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